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Title :

Sokoto Caliphate Expansion and Consolidation Of Cultural In?uences In Central Nigeria: A Study of La?a Emirate 1804-2000

Authors :

Sankira, Musa Umar and Kyegh, Aov Thaddeus

Sokoto Caliphate was the most powerful Islamic state of the 19th Century in Western Sudan. It was founded by Sheikh Usmanu Ibn Fodiyo in 1804 in order to clean up the orthodox Islam which he felt was adulterated. In addition, the philosophy behind the Islamic reforms was to fight against socio?cultural syncretism, economic exploitation and political domination by the Hausa rulers. The Jihadists succeeded and extended their influences up to the present Central Nigerian territories, which was the area predominantly inhabited by non?Muslims. By 1812, they established the Emirate system which helped the Caliphate to have total control over the subjects in its domain. The rapid expansion of the Caliphate was made possible through the distribution of flags of religious and political authority. In all, 14 flag bearers established emirates; one of them was the Bauchi Emirate which in turn had vassal states that navigated the Caliphate's expansion into central Nigerian area. Consequent upon the above, the Lafia vassal state was created. The focus of this study is to explore the influence of Sokoto Caliphate on the expansion and the development of Lafia as a vassal state of Bauchi from 1804 to 2000 which led to its emergence as an emirate. It concludes that the colonial invasion and indigenous cultural annihilation notwithstanding, the area had some positive impacts.