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Title :

Enlistment Policies and Recruitment into the Nigerian Army during the Nigerian Civil War: A Case Study of North-West Nigeria, 1967-1970

Authors :

Hussaini Jibrin

Military institution is important as other institutions that explain the existence of a sovereign state throughout human history. The Military is comprised of all actors that execute warfare. Such include archers, cavalry, and suppliers of logistics among others. This remains so even with the emergence of modern African states. Enlistment and recruitment into military service differed from pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial periods in Africa. During the pre-colonial period, both enlistment and recruitment were almost compulsory upon all able-bodied men (sometimes including women) in the defense and expansion of areas of jurisdiction. On the other hand, with the colonial administration and subsequent post-colonial administration in Africa, more formal enlistment and recruitment into the military service (war) were introduced. This paper examines both enlistment and recruitment into the Nigerian Army during the Nigerian Civil War, 1967-1970 with emphasis on the North-west geo-political zone of Nigeria. The enlistment and recruitment of able-bodied youths to execute the war for survival of the country as a single geo-political entity was carried out under the auspices of the Nigerian Army, the largest force that fought the war to its end, in 1970. Thus, the paper surveys a brief history of the Nigerian Army, background to the Nigerian Civil War, nature of enlistment during the Nigerian Civil War, nature of recruitment during the Civil War and finally, conclusion. It also adopts both primary and secondary sources of reconstruction of history through interviews with stake holders as well published works.