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Title :

A Universal Pragmatic Analysis of "The Last Sermon" of the Prophet Muhammad(SAW)

Authors :

R.K. Omoloso

The efficacy of a message is usually promoted by how much relevance the message has for the people to which it is directed. The relevance of a message to a people is determined by how far the message addresses issues that are paramount to solving or addressing their problems or needs. Nigeria is at present undergoing a terribly trying period comparable only in its bloodiness with what she went through during a thirty-month civil war that consumed many lives and properties. Nigerians are daily inundated with news of violent occurrences in virtually everywhere in the country. If it was not about Boko Haram insurgency, it would be about Niger Delta militants? attacks; or it could be about armed robbery, kidnapping for rituals, or sexual harassment. Every day in Nigeria has its own array of horrendous criminal activities, the mildest of which are money laundering, usury, seemingly institutionally induced or protected embezzlement of public funds and official recklessness. Against this background, this paper examined the contents of the last sermon of Prophet Muhammed (pbh), using Herbamas (1979) Theory of Universal Pragmatics, to see the extent to which it is adequate for solving Nigeria?s problems and rescuing Nigerians from their present predicaments. Our analysis revealed ?The Last Sermon? as having met the validity claims set forth by Herbamas, and it is thus considered suitable and appropriate for tackling Nigeria?s problems. The paper therefore recommended that Nigerian Government and her agencies and Nigerians in general, should study, imbibe and apply the contents of ?The Last Sermon? to solving their problems if Nigeria and Nigerians must have peace.